New data: CO2 emissions from new cars and vans further decrease as electric vehicle sales grow in Europe

Average CO2 emissions from all new cars registered in Europe in 2023 continued to decrease and were 1.4% lower than in 2022, according to new provisional data published by the European Environment Agency. Similarly, average CO2 emissions from new vans continued to fall, and were 1.6% lower than in 2022. The reductions in emissions from new cars and vans are related to the growing share of fully electric vehicles.

The data published by the European Environment Agency (EEA) are based on information provided by European countries, including details on all newly registered cars and vans.

These provisional data show that, in 2023, 10.7 million new cars were registered in Europe, which translates to an increase of 13.2% compared to 2022. Almost a quarter of these new car registrations were electric – either fully or plug-in hybrid. Among the reporting countries, the fleet share of electric cars was highest In Norway, Sweden and Iceland, reaching 90.5%, 60.7% and 60.4%, respectively.

In 2023, 1.2 million new vans were registered in Europe, which is 20.2% above the 2022 levels. The share of electric vans reached 8% in 2023. More than half of the fully electric vans were registered in three countries: France, Germany and Sweden.

See the provisional 2023 data in EEA’s data viewer:

Key figures — new passenger cars

    • Total registrations: 10.7 million (+13.2% compared to 2022)
    • Average CO2 emissions: 106.6 g CO2/km (-1.4%)
    • Share of electric cars, including plug-in hybrids: 23.6% (up from 23% in 2022)
    • Share of fully electric cars: 15.5% (up from 13.5% in 2022)
    • Average mass: 1,545 kg (+1.3 %)

Key figures — new vans

    • Total registrations: 1.2 million (+20.2% compared to 2022)
    • Average CO2 emissions: 180.8 g CO2/km (-1.6%)
    • Share of fully electric vans: 8% (up from 6% in 2022)
    • Average mass: 1,896 kg (+1%)

The transport sector represents about a quarter of Europe’s greenhouse gas emissions, with about three quarters of transport emissions stemming from road transport. The EU’s goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transport by 90% by 2050 compared to 1990 levels. For all new cars and vans, the target is to achieve zero emissions from 2035 onwards.

Source: European Environment Agency | Newsroom (